Electromagnetic Bosons

Here are some quark models of electromagnetic bosons. The electromagnetic bosons are distinguished from other nuclear particles by having hundreds of leptonic quarks, and a paucity of baryonic quarks. WikiMechanics describes these bosons using chains of events noted by $\Psi = \left( \sf{\Omega}_{1}, \sf{\Omega}_{2}, \sf{\Omega}_{3} \; \ldots \; \right)$ where each repeated cycle $\, \sf{\Omega} \,$ is composed of the following quarks.


The foregoing quark models perfectly replicate the quantum numbers of electromagnetic bosons. They also accurately represent observed values for widths and the mass. They are all within experimental uncertainty. But with so many quarks it is difficult to see how the models work. So to view the underlying pattern, we remove most of the quark/anti-quark pairs. These $\sf { q \overline{q} }$ pairs are needed for equilibrium. Without them, many excited particles are unstable and not measurable. But they obscure the bare minimum number of quarks required to identify a particle and account for its mass. These minima are called core coefficients.

For more detail about calculations please see these spreadsheets. Most1 experimentally observed values are taken from this referenceXlink.png.

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