We describe neutrons using the chain of events

$\Psi \left( \sf{n} \right) = \left( \sf{\Omega}_{1} , \sf{\Omega}_{2} , \sf{\Omega}_{3} \; \ldots \; \right)$

where each orbital cycle Ω is composed of the following quarks

Quark Coefficients |

Neutron | u | d | e | g | m | a | t | b | s | c | u | d | e | g | m | a | t | b | s | c |

$\sf{n}$ | 4 | 52 | 4 | 3 | 52 | 1 | 4 | 3 | 4 | 52 | 4 | 3 | 52 | 7 | 6 | 3 | ||||

$\overline{\sf{n}}$ | 52 | 4 | 3 | 52 | 7 | 6 | 3 | 4 | 52 | 4 | 3 | 52 | 1 | 4 | 3 | 4 |

The neutron cannot be parsed into a symmetric pair of events because some of its quark coefficients are not integer multiples of two. Solitary neutrons cannot have phase symmetry and we cannot make ground-state models of neutrons. Compound particles that contain neutrons *can* have phase symmetry if they are associated in stable out-of-phase pairs. Almost all neutrons are observed^{1} to decay into protons, electrons and neutrinos in a pattern written as

$\sf{n} \to \sf{p}^{+} + \sf{e}^{-} + \overline{\nu}_{\sf{e}}$

We model this process by assuming the decay is triggered by the absorption of $\hat{\sf{w}}_{ \sf{n}}$ an ethereal weak quantum. This is followed by the emission of $\sf{w} ( \sf{n} )$ a different weak particle

$\sf{n} + \hat{\sf{w}}_{ \sf{n}} \to \sf{p}^{+} + \sf{e}^{-} + \overline{\nu}_{\sf{e}} + \sf{w} ( \sf{n} )$

The outgoing weak quantum has an imaginary mass and so presumably carries away decay products without being detected. Both weak quanta are strange. This process conserves quarks, and therefore also other conserved properties like lepton number and angular momentum. For a spreadsheet giving more detail about quark coefficients and other particle characteristics click here.