Classification of Nuclear Particles

Experimental physicists have observed hundreds of ephemeral nuclear particles. WikiMechanics considers them in much the same way as electrons or protons, but with different quark coefficients $n \,$, $\Delta n$ and $N \,$. They are identified by their quantum numbers and characterized as either mesons, baryons, or perhaps leptons. Many important particle attributes are defined from $\Delta n$ rather than $n$, so complicated models that include $\begin{align} \sf { q \overline{q} } \end{align}$ pairs may be constructed. Because of this possibility, classification depends on assessing the minimum number of quarks that are at the heart of each family. Here is a simple plan based on a tally of the baryonic and rotating seeds in a particle's core. It requires counting up, down, top and strange quarks. Lower bounds for Z-type of quarks are noted by $N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{Z}} \,$. These minima are used to sort nuclear particles into 24 different family groups, so they are called familial seeds. Specific particles, and their excited states, are then modeled by adding more quarks to the familial pattern.

down-seed.png
The most important characteristic for classifying nuclear particles is the number of down quarks in their core. The list below shows $N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{D}}$ in descending order as particles become less baryonic and more leptonic, finally arriving at the Higgs boson. Click on the yellow buttons for more detailed quark-models of the particles in each family.
Nuclear Particle Families
$\large{ N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{\, D}} = 16 }$ Familial Seeds Link Button

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{U}} = 12$

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{S}} = 2$

up-seed.png
up-seed.png
up-seed.png
strange-seed.png
up-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
up-seed.png
strange-seed.png
up-seed.png
up-seed.png
up-seed.png
Omega.png
$\large{ N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{\, D}} = 12 }$ Familial Seeds Link Button

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{U}} = 8$

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{T}} = 1$

up-seed.png
up-seed.png
up-seed.pngtop-seed.pngup-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
up-seed.png
up-seed.png
Xi.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
Delta.png
$\large{ N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{\, D}} = 10 }$ Familial Seeds Link Button

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{U}} = 2$

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{T}} = 2$

up-seed.png down-seed.png
down-seed.png
top-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.png
top-seed.png
down-seed.png
down-seed.png
up-seed.png
omegamesons.png
$\large{ N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{\, D}} = 8 }$ Familial Seeds Link Button
$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{S}} = 8$
strange-seed.png
strange-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngstrange-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
strange-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngstrange-seed.png
strange-seed.png
Upsilon.png

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{T}} = 6$

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{S}} = 2$

strange-seed.png
top-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
top-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.png
strange-seed.png
phi.png
$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{S}} = 2$
strange-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
strange-seed.png
b1.png
$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{T}} = 4$
top-seed.pngtop-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
top-seed.pngtop-seed.png
Big-Chi.png
$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{T}} = 2$
top-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
top-seed.png
hmesons.png

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{U}} = 4$

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{T}} = 2$

up-seed.pngtop-seed.pngup-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
up-seed.pngtop-seed.pngup-seed.png
Lambda.png
$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{U}} = 4$
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
Sigma.png
$\large{ N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{\, D}} = 6 }$ Familial Seeds Link Button

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{U}} = 6$

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{T}} = 4$

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{S}} = 2$

strange-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.pngup-seed.png
top-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngtop-seed.png
top-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngtop-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.pngup-seed.png
strange-seed.png
small-chi.png
$\large{ N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{\, D}} = 4 }$ Familial Seeds Link Button

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{U}} = 4$

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{T}} = 2$

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{S}} = 1$

top-seed.pngup-seed.pngup-seed.png
strange-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
top-seed.pngup-seed.pngup-seed.png
Dmesons.png
$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{T}} = 6$
top-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
top-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.png
neutrons.png
$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{T}} = 4$
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down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
top-seed.pngtop-seed.png
proton.png
$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{U}} = 4$
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down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
kaons.png
$\large{ N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{\, D}} = 2 }$ Familial Seeds Link Button

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{U}} = 2$

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{T}} = 6$

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{S}} = 2$

top-seed.pngup-seed.pngtop-seed.png
top-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngtop-seed.png
top-seed.pngup-seed.pngtop-seed.png
fmesons.png
$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{U}} = 2$
up-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.png
up-seed.png
eta.png
$\large{ N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{\, D}} = 0 }$ Familial Seeds Link Button

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{U}} = 8$

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{T}} = 14$

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{S}} = 4$

up-seed.pngup-seed.png
up-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.pngup-seed.png
top-seed.pngtop-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.png
top-seed.pngtop-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.png
up-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.pngup-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
JPsi.png

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{T}} = 2$

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{S}} = 4$

top-seed.png
strange-seed.pngstrange-seed.png
strange-seed.pngstrange-seed.png
top-seed.png
amesons.png

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{U}} = 8$

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{T}} = 2$

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{S}} = 2$

up-seed.png
up-seed.pngtop-seed.pngup-seed.png
up-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngup-seed.png
up-seed.pngtop-seed.pngup-seed.png
up-seed.png
rho.png

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{U}} = 8$

$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{S}} = 2$

up-seed.pngup-seed.pngup-seed.png
up-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngup-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.pngup-seed.png
Bmesons.png
$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{S}} = 2$
strange-seed.pngstrange-seed.png
pions.png
$N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{U}} = 4$
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
leptons.png
emboson-family-icon.jpg embosons.png
Right.png Next step: Newtonian particles.
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