Classification of Nuclear Particles

Experimental physicists have observed hundreds of ephemeral nuclear particles. WikiMechanics considers them in much the same way as electrons or protons, but with different quark coefficients $n$. They are identified by their quantum numbers and characterized as either mesons, baryons, or perhaps leptons. Some important particle attributes are defined from $\Delta n$ rather than $n$, so complicated models that include superfluous pairs of ordinary-quarks wtih anti-quarks may represent the same data. Because of this possibility for redundancy, classification depends on assessing the minimum number of quarks that are at the heart of each family.

Here is a simple plan for classifying nuclear particles that is based on a tally of just two baryonic and two rotating seeds. It requires counting up, down, top and strange quarks. For any quantity $N$ of Z-type of quarks, lower bounds are noted by $N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{Z}}$. These minima are used to sort nuclear particles into 23 different family groups, so they are called familial seeds. They do not exactly define each group because there are always larger, more complex quark combinations that eventually overlap and blur categorical distinctions. But they do constrain the simplest combinations so that, for example, we can make statements like: A particle that contains only three up-quarks cannot be a lepton. Specific particles, and their excited states, are then modeled by adding more quarks to the familial pattern. Click on the yellow buttons below for more detail.

Nuclear Particle Families
$\large{ N_{\sf{min}}^{\sf{Z}} }$ Familial Seeds Link
$N^{\sf{S}} \ge 2$
strange-seed.png
strange-seed.png
pions.png
$N^{\sf{U}} \ge 4$
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
leptons.png
$N^{\sf{U}} \ge 8$
$N^{\sf{T}} \ge 2$
up-seed.pngup-seed.pngup-seed.png
up-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.pngup-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.pngup-seed.png
Bmesons.png
$N^{\sf{T}} \ge 2$
$N^{\sf{S}} \ge 4$
top-seed.png
strange-seed.pngstrange-seed.png
strange-seed.pngstrange-seed.png
top-seed.png
amesons.png
$N^{\sf{U}} \ge 8$
$N^{\sf{T}} \ge 2$
$N^{\sf{S}} \ge 4$
up-seed.png
top-seed.png
up-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
strange-seed.pngstrange-seed.png
strange-seed.pngstrange-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
up-seed.png
top-seed.png
up-seed.png
rho.png
$N^{\sf{U}} \ge 8$
$N^{\sf{T}} \ge 14$
$N^{\sf{S}} \ge 4$
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
up-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.pngup-seed.png
top-seed.pngtop-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.png
top-seed.pngtop-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.png
up-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.pngup-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
JPsi.png
$N^{\sf{U}} \ge 2$
$N^{\sf{D}} \ge 2$
up-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.png
up-seed.png
eta.png
$N^{\sf{U}} \ge 2$
$N^{\sf{D}} \ge 2$
$N^{\sf{T}} \ge 6$
$N^{\sf{S}} \ge 2$
top-seed.pngup-seed.pngtop-seed.png
strange-seed.pngtop-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngtop-seed.pngstrange-seed.png
top-seed.pngup-seed.pngtop-seed.png
fmesons.png
$N^{\sf{U}} \ge 4$
$N^{\sf{D}} \ge 4$
$N^{\sf{T}} \ge 2$
$N^{\sf{S}} \ge 1$
up-seed.pngtop-seed.pngup-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
up-seed.pngtop-seed.pngup-seed.png
Dmesons.png
$N^{\sf{U}} \ge 4$
$N^{\sf{D}} \ge 4$
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
kaons.png
$N^{\sf{D}} \ge 4$
$N^{\sf{T}} \ge 6$
top-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
top-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.png
neutrons.png
$N^{\sf{U}} \ge 6$
$N^{\sf{D}} \ge 6$
$N^{\sf{T}} \ge 2$
$N^{\sf{S}} \ge 2$
up-seed.pngup-seed.pngup-seed.png
top-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngtop-seed.png
strange-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngstrange-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.pngup-seed.png
small-chi.png
$N^{\sf{D}} \ge 8$
$N^{\sf{T}} \ge 2$
top-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
top-seed.png
hmesons.png
$N^{\sf{D}} \ge 8$
$N^{\sf{T}} \ge 4$
top-seed.pngtop-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
top-seed.pngtop-seed.png
Big-Chi.png
$N^{\sf{D}} \ge 8$
$N^{\sf{T}} \ge 6$
$N^{\sf{S}} \ge 2$
strange-seed.png
top-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
top-seed.pngtop-seed.pngtop-seed.png
strange-seed.png
phi.png
$N^{\sf{U}} \ge 4$
$N^{\sf{D}} \ge 8$
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
Sigma.png
$N^{\sf{U}} \ge 4$
$N^{\sf{D}} \ge 8$
$N^{\sf{T}} \ge 2$
up-seed.pngtop-seed.pngup-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
up-seed.pngtop-seed.pngup-seed.png
Lambda.png
$N^{\sf{D}} \ge 8$
$N^{\sf{S}} \ge 8$
strange-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngstrange-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
strange-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngstrange-seed.pngstrange-seed.png
Upsilon.png
$N^{\sf{U}} \ge 2$
$N^{\sf{D}} \ge 10$
$N^{\sf{T}} \ge 2$
up-seed.pngdown-seed.pngup-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
top-seed.pngdown-seed.pngtop-seed.png
omegamesons.png
$N^{\sf{U}} \ge 8$
$N^{\sf{D}} \ge 12$
$N^{\sf{T}} \ge 1$
up-seed.png
up-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngtop-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
up-seed.png
up-seed.png
Xi.png
$N^{\sf{D}} \ge 12$
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
Delta.png
$N^{\sf{U}} \ge 12$
$N^{\sf{D}} \ge 16$
$N^{\sf{S}} \ge 2$
up-seed.png
up-seed.png
up-seed.png
strange-seed.png
up-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
down-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.pngdown-seed.png
up-seed.pngup-seed.png
up-seed.png
strange-seed.png
up-seed.png
up-seed.png
up-seed.png
Omega.png
$N^{\sf{M}} \gtrsim 128$
$N^{\sf{G}} \gtrsim 122$
emboson-family-icon.jpg embosons.png

Also, here are a few other unassigned nuclear particles.

Right.png Next step: Newtonian particles.
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