Other Nuclear Particles

Models for some particles that have not been assigned to nuclear families are shown in the table below. WikiMechanics describes the physics of these particles using chains of events noted by $\Psi = \left( \sf{\Omega}_{1}, \sf{\Omega}_{2}, \sf{\Omega}_{3} \; \ldots \; \right)$ where each repeated cycle $\, \sf{\Omega} \,$ is composed of the indicated quarks.


The foregoing quark models perfectly replicate the quantum numbers of these particles. They also accurately represent observed values for lifetimes, widths and the mass. They are all within experimental uncertainty. But with so many quarks it is difficult to see how the models work. So to view the underlying pattern, we remove most of the quark/anti-quark pairs. These $\sf { q \overline{q} }$ pairs are needed for equilibrium. Without them, many excited particles are unstable and not measurable. But they obscure the bare minimum number of quarks required to identify a particle and account for its mass. These minima are called core coefficients.

other-core.pngExperimentally observed values for the mass are taken from this referenceXlink.png. For more detail about calculations please see these spreadsheets.

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