X-rays
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The following quark models of X-rays use only rotating and electrochemical quarks. These sorts of arrangements are called atomic X-ray models. It is also possible to model X-rays using leptonic quarks, but we reserve that design for the X-rays coming from nuclear-decay. Atomic X-rays are different. They are typically produced by bombardment with electrons that have been accelerated to high speeds by absorbing vast quantities of photons containing electrochemical quarks. So the number of electrochemical quarks used in these models is not constrained, and $N$ rises into the thousands.
//Baby Collar// (detail), Dong people. China, Yunnan province, 20th century 33 x 15 cm. From the collection of Tan Tim Qing, Kunming. Photograph by D Dunlop.
Baby Collar (detail), Dong people. China, Yunnan province, 20th century 33 x 15 cm. From the collection of Tan Tim Qing, Kunming. Photograph by D Dunlop.
Atomic X-rays have distinct peaks in their observed energies. This phenomenon is linked to a few specific combinations of rotating quarks. Like other photons, the distribution of rotating quarks is described by the principal quantum number $\mathrm{n}$, and the total angular momentum quantum number $𝘑$, as expressed using the spectroscopic notation for X-raysXlink.png. The energy of an X-ray is given by $E = 2W^{\mathcal{A}}$ where $W$ notes the work required to build $\mathcal{A}$, a phase component of the X-ray. This relationship can be used to calculate the energy directly from quark-coefficients, and so here are some quark-models for the X-rays obtained by bombarding zinc, copper, iron and calcium. They are demonstrative, rather than definitive. The very close agreement with observed1 values is easy to obtain because the total number of quarks is so large. Many similar models with slightly different numbers of electrochemical quarks also fit within the limits of observation.
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For more detail, please see the spreadsheet titled 'Xrays' in the wiki-files listed here.

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